Spinal Fusion is a surgical treatment for scoliosis that involves implanting metal rods on either side of the affected area of the spine and using a bone graft as a “connector” between the vertebrae. The rods and bone graft will hold the curved part of the spine straight.
The main goals of a spinal fusion are to:
- Permanently repair the scoliotic curve
- Eliminate motion between the vertebral segments
- Improve the spine’s stability
- Reduce pain
A spinal fusion can be done anywhere along the spine. Scoliosis most often affects the thoracic spine but can also affect the lumbar. Your surgeon will generally only treat the area of the spine affected by your scoliosis.
Spinal fusion can be done through a minimally-invasive or traditional approach. Your surgeon will be able to tell you which approach will be best for your specific needs. A spinal fusion is generally the recommended course of treatment when no other treatment options are available due to age or severity of the curve.